Newspapers in Tonga
There is no daily newspaper in Tonga. Most important is the weekly government agency Tonga Chronicle / Kalonikali Tonga (approx. 7,000 copies), published in English and Tonga.
The Tonga Broadcasting Commission broadcasts radio in two channels and is considered government friendly. TV is under construction; American television can be received via satellite. There are 653 radio and 65 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
Newspapers in Tuvalu
Tuvalu lacks daily newspaper. The most important newspaper is the government agency Sikuleo o Tuvalu / Tuvalu Echoes, published every fourteenth day in both tuvalu and English with an edition of less than 500 copies. State Radio Tuvalu (founded 1975) broadcasts in both tuvalu and English. There are 384 radio and 13 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
Newspapers in Vanuatu
Vanuatu lacks daily newspaper. The weekly government agency Vanuatu Weekly has an edition of about 2,000 copies.
The State Radio Vanuatu (founded in 1966) broadcasts in English and French. Television broadcasts from the state Television Blong Vanuatu began in 1993. Internet use is low, in 2014 about 12 percent of the population was connected.
Newspapers in Palau
The media spread in Palau is small. The press is limited to Tia Belau, which is published every other week, and the monthly magazine Palau Gazette.
There is a radio and a TV station, both private and located on Koror. Palau also has a religious radio station that broadcasts abroad and a cable TV station that broadcasts foreign TV. There are about 540 radio and about 100 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (1996).
Newspapers in Papua New Guinea
The spread of newspapers in Papua New Guinea is small (14 newspaper excl. Per 1,000 residents, 2000). There are two newspapers. The largest is the Papua New Guinea Post-Courier (about 30,000 copies), which is published in English in Port Moresby. Furthermore, there are relatively many smaller, irregularly published newspapers, often published by public bodies, in both English and local languages.
The national radio broadcasts in English, took pisin, motu and about 30 local languages. There are also private radio stations. Privately owned EM TV broadcasts TV in a channel where the majority of the programs are from Australia. There are 86 radio and 17 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
Newspapers in Solomon Islands
In the Solomon Islands, there are only weekly newspapers, of which Solomon’s Voice (edition: about 10,000 copies) and Solomon Star are the largest.
Solomon Islands Broadcasting Corporation (founded in 1976) broadcasts radio on pidgin, with news in English. TV is under construction with support from New Zealand. There are 141 radio and 23 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
Newspapers in Samoa
Samoa has two daily newspapers, Samoa Observer and Samoa News (the later 1994 merged with weekly published Samoa Times), both with editions under 5,000 copies. and published in English and Samoan.
The state radio, Samoa Broadcasting Service (founded in 1948), also broadcasts programs from Australia and New Zealand. Since 1989 there is the private Radio Polynesia. State Televise Samoa Corporation started in 1993 with help from New Zealand, but television broadcasts were previously received from American Samoa. There are 1,065 radio and 61 TV receivers per 1,000 residents (2000).
One can argue about whether the South Sea countries (Oceania) actually belong geographically to the Australian continent or not. But regardless of such fundamental discussions, we have placed them in this portal under Australia, not least for systematic reasons. But New Zealand clearly belongs neither to Australia nor to Antarctica, from where the country drifted about 300 million ago. New Zealand is one of the few countries that does not belong to any continent. Nevertheless, we have dealt with the country here – because of a certain systematics.
The countries of Australia including the island states and dependent areas in the South Seas are:
|Country||Area in km2||Residents||Capital|
|American Samoa||199||58,000||Pago Pago|
|Federated States of Micronesia||702||135.00||Palakier (reg. Seat), Kolonia (capital)|
|French Polynesia||4 million with water surface||280,000||Papeete|
|Nauru||21.3||13,000||Seat of government in Yaren|
|New Zealand||270,530||4.5 million||Wellington|
|Northern Mariana Islands||477||45,000||Saipan|
|Papua New Guinea||462.840||6.9 million||Port Moresby|
|Pitcairn||4.5||60||the little place, Adamstown|
|Tokelau||12||1,500||officially none available|
|US territories in the Pacific||about 36, land area only||under 1,000||there is no capital of its own|
|Wallis and Futuna||274||16,000||Mata-utu|
Here are overviews of each country in the continent of Oceania and Australia:
- American Samoa: Outer territory of the USA.
- Australia: State and continent are identical.
- Cook Islands: is from New Zealand managed.
- Fiji: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Federated States of Micronesia: Republic in free association with the USA.
- French Polynesia: is from France managed.
- Guam: unincorporated US territory.
- Hawaii: State of the USA.
- Kiribati: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Marshal Islands: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Nauru: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- New Caledonia: French overseas territory.
- New Zealand: State in the Commomwealth, consists of two islands of about the same size.
- Niue: parliamentary-democratic and self-governing territory in free association with New Zealand, member of the Commonwealth.
- Northern Mariana Islands: American outer area in the South Pacific.
- Norfolk Islands: is from Australia managed.
- Easter island: is from Chile managed.
- Palau: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Papua New Guinea: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Pitcairn: administered by New Zealand on behalf of Great Britain, was the refuge of the Bounty mutineers.
- Solomon Islands: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Samoa: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Tahiti: is part of French Polynesia.
- Tokelau: is from New Zealand managed.
- Tonga: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- Tuvalu: independent island nation in the South Seas in the Commonweal.
- Vanuatu: independent island nation in the South Seas.
- US territories in the Pacific: These islands have the status of unincorporated territories of the USA, they are: Howard Island, Palmyra Atoll, Kingman Reef, Johnston Atoll, Baker Island, Jarvis Island, Wake Atoll, Midway Atoll.
- Wallis and Futuna: French overseas territory.