In 1947, with the withdrawal of the British from the Indian Union, it was divided into several political units, depending on their religious diversity, namely
- India – where Hinduism or Brahminism predominates ;
- Nepal, Bhutan and Sri Lanka (Ceylon) – where Buddhism
- Pakistan and Bangladesh – where Islamism predominates.
In 1971, East Pakistan became independent from West Pakistan, forming the new state of Bangladesh.
The people of Tibet (China), Myanmar and Nepal profess Lamaism and have their holy city in Lhassa, Tibet.
- In Thailand Buddhism predominates.
The different ethnic groups in Monsoon Asia can be grouped into:
- whites– represented by Hindus (Indians and Pakistanis);
- yellow – represented by Malaysians (Filipinos and Indonesians) and Indochinese (Vietnamese, Cambodians, Burmese);
- blacks – represented by the Dravidians (Sri Lanka and Southeast India).
In Indochina and Southeast Asian islands, the yellow ones predominate, which also belongs to several ethnic groups: paleosiberians, Mongols, north chinese, south chinese, indonesians (blacks – bold – mestizos – with melanesians).
Monsoon Asia was characterized by European dominance, especially of the British in the Indian Union and of the Dutch and French in Indochina.
According to Homeagerly, currently, Monsoon Asia is characterized by being one of the largest “human anthills” in the world. The population occupies especially the plains and alluvial beds, in addition to the entire coastal portion. The island of Java in Indonesia, the Ganges Valley and its delta in Bangladesh (along with the Bramaputra River) are the most prominent densities. Bangladesh has the highest population density in Asia: 975 residents /km 2 .
Demographic Characteristics of India
India is the second most populous country in the world, with more than 1 billion inhabitants and a population density of 312 inhabitants / km 2 .
Their ethnicity comes from a succession of mestizos from whites to blacks, but there are few pure groups left: bold, vedas, bils, gonds and above all black or Dravidian Indians from southern Decan.
The official language is Hindi, spoken by 35% of the population. English is an “associated language”. In addition to Hindi, the government recognizes 14 more official languages, although there are more than 1,600 dialects in use.
The predominant religion in the country is Brahmanism or Hinduism (84% of the population), with Benares being its sacred city.
The big problem in India is overpopulation, which requires a great effort from the government to meet the needs of the young population with schools and the entire people with hospitals, social services, housing, etc. Most of the population is under 20 years of age; not incorporated into productive activities.
The governments of India and Pakistan have implemented a policy to curb population growth, creating family planning clinics and encouraging sterilization. The population is predominantly rural, while more than 50% of the assets are located in the primary sector.
The caste were abolished by the Constitution of India, but religion has been one of the obstacles to the progress of the country, for much of bramanistas faiths preach poverty as one of the main virtues, thus preventing the ambition of people to purchase durable goods in life material.
The most important and populous metropolitan regions in India are Calcutta (12.1 million), Mumbai (15.7 million), Delhi (10.2 million), Madras (5.9 million) etc.
This group includes countries whose vegetative growth (difference between birth rate and mortality) is in an intermediate phase (1% to 1.5%), but which are approaching the mature or senile phase. They are, in general, developed countries, such as the USA, Switzerland and Canada.
India: Babel in the largest democracy on the planet
In 2015, 23 conglomerates will have more than 10 million people. Of these, 19 will be in the poorest regions of the world. The UN highlights that, if the urbanization process has stabilized in rich countries, around 75% of the population, the pace of growth of cities in poor countries is still frightening. Every day, 180 thousand people arrive at these groups, coming from rural areas in developing countries, mainly in Africa and Asia.
Despite the growth, only in 2020 will 50% of the population in poor countries be living in cities. Today, that rate is less than 35%, both in Africa and Asia.